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Visual Arts: Indo Saracenic Sculptures

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Visual Arts: Indo Saracenic Sculptures

Sculptures in the Modern Age were with the complete influence of western sculptural art, introduced by the European colonists in India. This brought the concept of Indo-Saracenic sculptures which was the hybrid of native Indian style with the Gothic style of sculptures.

British used their Gothic style of sculptures in amalgamation with the existing Indian style of sculpture to establish their colonial superiority in India and developed several masterpieces of this kind of unique visual art form. The Indo Saracenic sculptures, could not survive for the longer time as Indians switched back to their native styles of sculpture in order to protest against colonial suppression.

Gateway of India - Example of Indo Saracenic SculptureFew of the characteristic features of the Indo-Saracenic sculptures were the enormous statues with the finest facial expressions influenced by the Gothic style while features included from the native Indian style were bulbous domes, vaulted roofs, chhatris with domes, arches, overhanging eaves, domed kiosks, pinnacles, towers or minarets with the traditional styles of engraving and carvings.

The most prominent illustrations of Indo-Saracenic style of sculptures are Gateway of India in Mumbai, Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, Muir College at Allahabad, Lakshmi Vilas Palace at Baroda, the General Post Office in Kolkata, Napier Museum at Thiruvananthapuram, Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi and many more.
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