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Chandrashekhar Sitaram Tiwari known as Chandra Shekhar Azad or Panditji was one of the most important Indian revolutionaries. Founder of Garam Dal he was the first Indian to have used weapons against Britishers for Independence, and believed that fighting for others is a part of one’s Dharma (Duty).
He was extremely ignited after the Jallaiwalla Bagh Massacre and protested along with Gandhiji as a part of Civil disobedience Movement for which he was imprisoned. During his trial when asked his name he replied “Azad” on which he was given fifteen slashes and with each slash he shouted “Bharat Mata ki Jai”, following which he was titled as “Azad”.
He committed himself to complete independence by any means and formed Hindustan Socialistic Republican Association. He advocated violent means against British and was a mentor for Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev.
He was involved in conceptualizing a number of activities like the famous Kakory Train Robbery, attempt to blow Viceroy’s Train, killing of John Poyantz Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. He was betrayed by one of his informers and got trapped under British Army but shot himself as he always wanted to die as a free man.