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18 Bio Reserves, 89 National Parks and more than 400 Wildlife Sanctuaries itself depicts the story of the diversity of flora and fauna of India. The Eastern Himalayan, Indo- Burma and Western Ghats are among the 34 most biodiversity rich spots in the world and our nation is among the 17 countries which accounts for around 60 to 70 percent of the world’s biodiversity. All of these facts itself make it absolutely clear that India is full of varied animals including Royal Bengal Tigers, Asiatic Elephants, deer, snakes, monkeys, antelopes, foxes, wolves, pythons and many more. Similarly a varied faunal population also exists here.
However, human interference with the nature always comes at a cost. Many species had extinct due to the same reason and many are on the verge of the extinction. And just to save these irreplaceable species from extinction, conservation of these spots full of diversity is not only important but has become essential in recent years. And for the same reason, in most of the parts of the country many wildlife reserves and national parks have come up with the idea of healthy interaction between wildlife and humans.
Biosphere Reserves of India
A biosphere reserve is usually a distinctive ecosystem of all coastal and earthly areas, which comes under the framework of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme. There are total 18 biosphere reserves in India till date and all of them are established by the Indian government only. Nine out of these 18 biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. All of the flora, fauna and human communities residing in these regions are protected and preserved by the government of India. Here is the list of all biosphere reserves of India.
Being one of the most renowned biosphere reserve of India, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
include various wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Diversity of
this biosphere reserve can be understood from the fact that it is home
to more than 350 species of birds, 316 species of butterflies, 100
species of mammals, 80 species of reptiles, 39 species of fish and 31
ambhibians. This biosphere is located in the foothills of blue mountains
(Nilgiri hills) and share its boundaries with Karnataka, Kerala and
Tamil Nadu states of India. Area: 5520 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 01/08/1986 Includes:
Part of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent
Valley and Siruvani hills in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Gulf of Mannar
Being the first marine biosphere reserve of not only India but Asia, Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve is full of diverse marine population and plants. Total species of plants and animals residing in this reserve are about 3600. It is located in the southern part of Bay of Bengal and is full of endangered species such as sea turtles along with the various species of dolphins and whales. It is spread over an area of 10500 sq km and consists of 21 islands.
Area: 10500 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 18/02/1989 Includes: India part of Gulf of Mannar extending from Rameswaram island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu.
Great Rann of Kutch
Great Rann of Kutch is located in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India. Most of the part of this biosphere reserve is made of desert. Faunal and avifaunal population of this place include the Indian wild ass, Greater and Lesser Flamingos and Bats. While, on the other hand, flora of this region include sandy islets of thorny scrub.
Area: 12454 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 29/01/2008 Includes: Part of Kachchh, Rajkot, Surendranagar and Patan districts in Gujarat
Another major biosphere reserve of India, Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve is known for being natural habitat for some of the endangered species. Located amidst the great beauty of the Himalaya, this park is the perfect example of unspoiled natural beauty as the place is intact due to its inaccessibility for people. Some of the endangered species of this reserve include Bharal, Himalayan Musk Deer and Snow Leopard.
Area: 5860.69 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 18/01/1988 Includes: Parts of Chamoli, Pithoragarh and Almora districts in Uttarakhand.
Established in 1989, Great Nicobar consists of two national parks including Campbell Bay National Park and Galathea National Park. The first one of these is the larger one and is located on Northern part of island, while the latter one is smaller and is located on the Southern part. It encompasses around 85% of the island of Great Nicobar. Faunal population of the park include Giant Leatherback sea turtle, Malayan box turtle, Nicobar tree shrew, Reticulated python, the edible-nest swiftlet , the Nicobar long-tailed macaque, Saltwater crocodile ,the giant robber crab and Nicobar scrubfowl.
Area: 885 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 06/01/1989 Includes: Southern most island of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Achanakmar – Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve is located in two different states of India including Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. It is divided between two different zones including core and buffer zone. The Achanakmar Sanctuary (551 Km) comes under the core zone, while rest of the part (3284km) falls under the buffer zone. It contains more than 1500 plant species, 105 medicinal plant species, 170 bird species, 13 species of snakes and birds. The reserve is home to 1936 Chitals, 1369 sambars, 552 bison (gaur), 376 barking deer, 46 panthers, 28 bears and 6 tigers and various other mammal fauna as per the census of 2004.
Area: 3,835. 51 Sq Km Date of Designation: 30/03/2005 Includes: Parts of Anuppur and Dindori districts of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur district of Chattisgarh
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve is divided between two different states of India including Kerala and Tamil Nadu consisting an area of 1828 sq kms and 1672.36 sq kms respectively. It is home to more than 2000 species of medicinal plants. Faunal population of the park include Asian Elephant, the tiger and Nilgiri Tahr. Different wildlife sanctuaries and national parks falling under this reserve include Neyyar,Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuaries and adjoining areas of Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.
Area: 3500.36 Sq Km Date of Designation: 12/11/2001 Includes: Part of Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts in Tamil Nadu and Thiruvanthapuram, Kollam and Pathanmthitta districts in Kerala
Dibru Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve is located at a mere distance of about 12 Km from the city of Tinsukia in Assam state of India. It is also a national wildlife park and is situated in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra and the Lohit. It has a rich diversity of fishes and is home to various faunal population including White-winged wood duck, water buffalo, wild horse, the tiger and Capped Langur.
Area: 765 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 28/07/1997 Includes: Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts in Assam.
Dihang Dibang Biosphere Reserve is located in Arunachal Pradesh state of India. It contains the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary and The Mouling National Park either partly or fully. It covers three different districts of the state including Dibang Valley, Upper Siang and West Siang. Some of the unique faunal population of this reserve include Red panda, Asiatic black bear, tiger, Gongshan muntjac, Mishmi takin, Red goral and Musk deer. Sclater's monal and Blyth's tragopan are among the rare Avifauna of this reserve. It is also home to two flying squirrels.
Area: 5111.5 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 02/09/1998 Includes: Parts of Upper Siang, West Siang and Dibang Valley districts in Arunachal Pradesh
The Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve is located in West, North and South districts of Sikkim and includes two core zones and four buffer zones. The reserve is named after Kangchenjunga. The world's third largest peak. Faunal population of the reserve include Himalayan Tahr, Tibetan Wolf, Clouded Leopard, Serow, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Panther or Leopard, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Red Panda and Nayan. There are around 127 species of birds in this reserve and some of them include Himalayan Monal Pheasant, Tibetan Snow Cock, Tibetan Horned or Eagle-Owl, Forest Eagle-Owl, Black Eagle, Himalayan Golden Eagle, Himalayan Bearded-Vulture and Satyr Tragopan.
Area: 2619.92 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 07/02/2000 Includes: Parts of North and West districts in Sikkim
Manas Biosphere Reserve is spread in five different districts of Assam including Baksa, Udalguri, Kokrajhar, Chirang and Darrang. Manas River flows through the entire reserve and the park is named after the same. The reserve consist of two biomes including grassland and forest. The first one is home to Bengal florican, pygmy hog, Indian rhinoceros and wild Asian buffalo, while the second one is home to wild pig, sambar, great hornbill, Malayan giant squirrel, slow loris and capped langur. There are around 380 species of birds, 55 species of mammals, 50 species of reptiles and 3 species of amphibians.
Area: 2837 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 14/03/1989 Includes: Parts of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamprup and Darang districts in Assam
Nokrek Biosphere Reserve is one of the most happening wildlife region and is famous for frequent spotting of Red Panda. The reserve is located at a distance of about 2 km from Tura Peak in West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya. Apart from the Red Panda, the park has around 8 species of cats, 7 species of primates and Asiatic lion among other faunal population. Rare varietie of birds, pheasants and orchids are also available here.
Area: 820 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 01/09/1988 Consists of: Part of East, West and South Garo Hill districts in Meghalaya
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve is located in Satpura Ranges of Madhya Pradesh and is spread over Betul, Hoshangabad and Chhindwara districts. The reserve consists of three wildlife sanctuaries including Satpura National Park, Bori Sanctuary and Pachmarhi Sanctuary. Faunal population of the reserve include leopards, wild dogs, the Indian Wolf, Bison, Indian giant squirrels, tiger, leopard, wild boar, Gaur, Chital deer, Muntjac deer, Sambar Deer, Rhesus macaques, Chinkara, Nilgai, Barking deer, Cheetal and Flying Squirrels.
Area: 4981.72 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 03/03/1999 Includes: Parts of Betul, Hoshangabad and Chhindwara districts in Madhya Pradesh
Simlipal Biosphere Reserve is located in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha in India. The bio reserve is known for various things including meandering rivers, roaring tigers and trumpeting tuskers, extensive grassy lands and meadows, thick and green forests, precipitous and sparkling waterfalls, fleeing deer and flying squirrels, dancing peacocks and talking myna. There are about 1076 species of mammals, 231 species of birds and 29 types of reptiles are available here.
Area: 4374 Sq Km Date of Designation: 21/06/1994 Includes: Parts of Mayurbhanj district in Orissa
Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve is located in Bengal region of India. Sunderban National Park located here definitely comes under the top 5 national parks of India. Deep Mangrove forests, various species of birds, tigers and many creeks and streams are among the main attractions of this park. There are about 270 tigers in this park as per the census of 2011. Other faunal population of the park include foxes, jungle cats, flying foxes, pangolins, Fishing cats, macaques, wild boars, common grey mongooses, and spotted deer.Most fascinating thing about this park is that it can only be explored by boats. It is listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Area: 9630 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 29/03/1989 Includes: Part of delta of Ganges & Brahamaputra river system in West Bengal
Cold Desert Biosphere reserve is located in Himachal Pradesh amidst the great western Himalayan region. It includes Pin Valley National Park, Chandratal Wildlife Sanctuary, Sarchu Wildlife Sanctuary and Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary. This reserve is mainly known for the high medicinal species found here. Faunal population of this reserve include Tibetan gazzle, red fox, weasel, marmot, griffon, lammergeyer, golden eagle, snow cock, snow leopard, the endangered and elusive wild cat, wolf, brown and black bear, blue sheep and ibex.
Area: 7,770 Sq km. Date of Designation: 28/08/2009 Includes: Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal & Sarchu; and Kibber Wildlife sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh
Seshachalam Hills Biosphere Reserve is located in the region of Eastern Ghats in Southern Andhra Pradesh. It falls under Kadapa and Chittoor districts of the state and is the first biosphere reserve of the state. There are around 1700 species of plants, 178 species of birds and various species of fauna including Four-Horned Antelope, Indian Giant Squirrel, Spotted Deer, Mouse Deer, Small Indian Civet, Golden Jackal, Indian Fox, Leopard, Hyena, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat and Sloth Bear are available here.
Area: 4755.99 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 20/09/2010 Includes: Seshachalam hill ranges in Eastern Ghats encompassing part of Chittoor and Kadapa districts in Andhra Pradesh
Panna Biosphere Reserve is located in Panna and Chhatarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh. There are about 200 species of birds including king vulture, blossom-headed parakeet, bar-headed goose and honey buzzard available here. Faual population of this reserve include sambhar, sloth bear, the tiger, chital and chinkara. It also serve as a tiger reserve as well.
Area: 2998.98 Sq Km. Date of Designation: 25/08/2011 Includes: Part of Panna and Chhattarpur districts in Madhya Pradesh
Top Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks of India
There are plenty of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries located in entire India. Thanks to India’s rich and vibrant biodiversity, there is at least one national park is located in each state that displays vivid flora and fauna of the region. It is difficult to pick the top wildlife sanctuaries in India, as each one is unique in its own way. Exploring the beauty of the beast and the wild will always be an invigorating experience!
Jim Corbett National Park - Uttarakhand
Image Source: soumyajit nandy – Flickr
Established in 1936 to protect the Royal Bengal Tigers, Corbett National Park is one of the oldest wildlife park in India. Located in Nainital in Uttarakhand, the park is named after Jim Corbett, a British hunter who was instrumental in establishing the park. Its forest area is also vast and covers almost 73% of the park. And if you thought it was only tigers who will welcome you in the Park, then you are mistaken. It is the richest bird regions of India with 600 species of avifauna.
Established in: 1936 Area Covered: 521 sq km Fauna: Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant and avifauna Best Time to Visit: November to February
Corbett Tiger Reserve Ramnagar – 244 715 Distt. Nainital (Uttaranchal) INDIA Tel.: +91-5947-253977 Park Reception – 251489 Fax: +91-5947-251012, 251376 Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Website:http://www.corbettnationalpark.in
Kaziranga National Park
Known for being the natural habitat for one horned rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Parkis definitely the star of Assam and a must visit for everyone. The park is spread over an area of 430 sq kms and is home to a major poplation of tigers. Wild Water Buffallo, The Asian Water Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Monitor Lizard, Spectacled Cobra and Elephants along with some migratory birds and water birds are other attraction of this park.
Established in: 1905 Area Covered: 430 sq km Best Time to Visit: February to March Kaziranga National Park Bokakhat, Golaghat District, Assam – 785612, India Tel: +91 3776-268095, +91 3776-268086 Email: email@example.com Website: http://kaziranga.assam.gov.in/
Gir National Park
Known for the presence of the jungle king, Gir National Park is the place to get a lifetime experience. The park is located in Gujarat. Apart from the lion, around 300 species of birds and various crocodiles are other attraction of this park. Jungle Cats, Cobra, Asiatic Lions, Leopards, Sloth Bears and several rare species of birds are among the species that can be spotted here. This is one of the best places to enjoy a jeep safari in India.
Established in : 1965 Area Covered: 1412 sq km Best Time to Visit: December to March
Being home to the Hemis Monastery, Hemis National Park is one of the major attraction of Leh along with the lakes and valleys of this beautiful region. The park is also known as Hemis High Altitude National Park and is spread over an area of 4400 sq kms. It is the largest national park of India and consists of everal Tibetan-Buddhist gompas and monasteries along with the vibrant wildlife. Apart from the monastery, the place is famous for having around 73 species of birds and is home to snow leopards as well. Lammergeier Vulture, Golden Eagle, Bharal sheep, Tibetan Wolf, Eurasian Brown Bear, Himalayan Vulture and Mountain weasel are among the other species available here.
Area Covered: 4400 sq km Best Time to Visit: May to September
Hemis National Park Hemis Jammu and Kashmir -194302 India
Periyar National Park
Known for being the home to Bengal Tigers, Periyar National Park attracts thousands of people all around the year on a regular basis. The park is spread over an area of 305 sq km in Kerala and was established in 1928. It is situated amidst the beautiful settings of Periyar River and mountain ridges. Indian Tiger and the Asiatic Elephants are among the most famous faunal population of this park. Other species of animals found here include Sambar, Gaur, Nilgiri Langur, Indian Giant Squirrel, Sloth Bear, Wild Pig and Elephants.
Established in: 1895 Area Covered: 305 sq km Best Time to Visit: March to April
Periyar National Park Thekkady, Kerala - 685536 India Tel: +91-4869224571 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park is no doubt the true representative of incredible Indian wildlife diversity and was established in 1955. The park is spread over an area of 940 sq kms and is located in Madhya Pradesh region of India. It is the largest national park of the region and is full of grassy meadows and open bamboo forests. It is considered as being the original source of Rudyard Kipling's imagination for his collection of stories“The Jungle Book”. Main examples from its rich wildlife include Sambar, Wild Dogs, Spotted Deer and Wild Boar along with the frequent spotting of Tiger. Bamni Dadar, also known as the paramount sunset point is one of the most famous spots of this park.
Established in: 1955 Area Covered: 940 sq km Best Time to Visit: November to April
Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh, India Tel:+91-7642250760
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is no doubt one of the best tiger reserves of India and a must visit for all adventure and thrill seekers. The park lies between the confluence of the Chambal and the Banas river in Savai Madhopur region of enchanted Rajasthan. Royal Bengal Tiger is the main attraction of this park. However, other species of tiger are also available here. Other faunal population of the park include Hyena, Sloth Bear, Chital and many more. Jeep safari and bird watching are two of the most famous activities for all the tourists visiting this park. Large Banyan trees and a medieval fort situated here are also very popular among the vacationers.
Established in: 1980 Area Covered: 392 sq km Best Time to Visit: October to March Ranthambore National Park Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan India
Dudhwa National Park
Known as birdwatcher’s paradise, Dudhwa National Park is the most visited national park of Uttar Pradesh. The park is spread over an area of 490.3 sq kms and was established in 1977. It is a natural habitat for various species of birds along with the spotted swamp deer (Barasingha), hog deer, one-horned rhinoceros, cheetal and various birds and reptiles. Leopard and Tiger were introduced here by the efforts of the great conservationist Billy Arjan Singh to control the population of stags. There are many small and big lakes located in this park.
Established in: 1958 Area Covered: 490 sq km Best Time to Visit: November to May
Dudhwa National Park State Highway 90, Lakhimpur-Kheri, Palia Kalan, Uttar Pradesh 262902 Tel: +91-5871233485 Email ID : email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://dudhwatigerreserve.com
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Located amidst the beautiful foothills of the Himalayas in Indian state of Assam, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1985. It falls in six different districts of Assam on the Indo-Bhutan international border and is also known as Manas Tiger Reserve. Apart from the Tiger, other species of the sanctuary include Leopards, Clouded Leopard, Slow Loris, Chital, Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur, Asian elephants, Golden Cat and Pygmy Hog. Wild Water Buffalo is another major attraction of this park.
Established in: 1990 Area Covered: 950 sq km Best Time to Visit: November to March
Sariska National Park is located in Rajasthan at a distance of about 100 Kms from Jaipur, the pink city of India. It acquires a major part of Alwar district and is covered with dhok trees. The park is majorly known for hosting the Royal Bengal Tiger, which was relacted here from the other regions of incredible India. Other faunal population of the park inclde Chinkara, The four-horned antelope, Nilgai, Striped hyena, Sambhar deer, Leopard and Jungle Cat. Camel Safari, 17th century castle on a hilltop at Kankwari and remnants of medieval temples of Garh-Rajor dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries are the major attractions here.
Established in: 1955 Area Covered: 866 sq km Best Time to Visit: November to March
Sariska National Park Alwar, Rajasthan – 301001 India
Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Indian state of Tamil Nadu and is spread over an area of 958 sq kms. The sanctuary is also known as the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. The sanctuary is situated amidst the besutiful settings of several rivers and peaks. It houses various endangered animal species including Indian Leopard, Pangolin, the Sambhar deer, Bengal Tiger, Elephants and Sloth Bear.
Established in : Area Covered: sq km Best Time to Visit: Decemeber to April
Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary Anamalai R.F., Coimbatore Tamil Nadu - 642101 India
Pench National Park
Most of you must have heard and read about “The Jungle Book”, one of the most renowned collection of stories by the renowned author Rudyard Kipling. However, only a few are aware about the fact that he took his inspiration for the settings from Pench National Park only. It is located in Madhya Pradesh amidst the beautiful settings of Satpura Hills and is named after the Pench River that flows from north to south regions of the park and divides the same into two equal halves. Jeep safari is available for all the adventure seekers here. It has more than 1200 species of plants with a wide variety of faunal population including Jackal, Sloth Bear, Striped Hyena, Tiger, Leopard and various species of birds and reptiles.
Fast Facts: Established in: 1977 Area Covered: 758 sq km Best Time to Visit: February to April Pench National Park Address: Turia, Tehseel :- Kurai Near Turia Gate, Pench Tiger Reserve Distt :- Seoni, M. P., Pin :- 480881 Contact: 09212777223 / 09212553107 / 8744012088 Website: http://www.penchnationalpark.com/
Dachigam National Park
Dachigam National Park is situated in Western Himalaya region in Jammu and Kashmir state of India. It was established in 1910 and is known for being the last home of Hangul (Kashmiri Stag). Main faunal population of the park include Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Brown Bear, Otter, Leopard and Musk Deer. The park is made of pastures, grasslands and meadows with rocky cliffs and rocky outcrops. One needs to walk a lot as walking is the only option to enjoy the beauty of this charishmatic park. It is a must visit for all the fans of birdwatching.
Established in: 1910 Area Covered: 141 sq km Best Time to Visit: April to August
Dachigam National Park Dachigam Road, Mulanar, Jammu and Kashmir – 191202, India
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
Another gem from the great land of Rajasthan, Keoladeo Ghana National Park is renowned for its Avifauna. It is named after the Shiva temple situated within the forest and is around 250 years old. However, officially it became a bird sanctuary in 1971. The sanctuary has more than 230 species of birds and is located in Bharatpur. Various native and winter migratory birds take shelter in marshly lands and tall grasslands of Keoladeo Ghana National Park. It is no doubt the best place for bird watching in India.
Fast Facts: Established in: 1976 Area Covered: 28.73 sq km Best Time to Visit: November to March Keoladeo Ghana National Park Bharatpur, Rajasthan 302001 India Tel: +91-5644222777
Bandipur National Park
Situated in the vicinity of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Bandipur National Park is home to many endangered species. The park is spread over an area of 874 sq kms and was established in 1974 to protect endanger many species of vivid flora and fauna. Some of the species having there natural habitat here include Gaurs, Indian Rock Pythons, Muggers, Four-Horned Antelopes, Sloth Bears, Dhole, Indian Elephants and Tigers. Additionaly, Bandipur National Park offers a vast population of butterflies at its premises.
Established in: 1974 Area Covered: 874 sq km Best Time to Visit: October to May
Bandipur National Park Bandipur, Mysore, Karnataka 571126 India Tel: +91-8229236043
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Andaman Nicobar
For all those who think that Andaman is all about beaches, Wandur National Park or Mahatama Gandhi Marine National Park is a wonderful surprise. It covers around 15 islands and is home to a huge aquatic population. Entire area of park contains various creeks, islands and different parts of open sea.
Best Time to Visit: December to Early April Area: 281.5 Sq Km
Interview Island Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 133 Sq Km Fauna: Feral Elephants
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Andhra Pradesh
Sri Venkateshwara National Park Area: 353 Sq Km Fauna: Ducks, Geese, Parakeets, Mainas and Other Birds Raptors, Pelicans, Swans And Flamingos. Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 195 Sq Km Fauna: Hyena,Sambar,Black Buck, Estuarine Crocodile, Fishing Cat, Tigers, Otter Jackal and Spotted Deer.
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 235. 70 sq km Fauna: Black-capped Kingfisher, Pond Heron, Reef Heron, Little Egret, Cattle Egret, Pied Kingfisher, Small Blue Kingfisher, Grey Heron, Red-wattled Lapwing, Crow Pheasant, Flamingos, Night Heron, Little Stint, Sandpiper, Red Shrank, Openbill Stork, Little Cormorant, Sea Gulls, Purple Heron and Brahmini Kite.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Arunanchal Pradesh
Namdapha National Park
Being the third largest national park of India, Namdapha National Park represents true picture of Indian diversity. The park is most famous for being a natural habitat to the feline population including Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Snow Leopard and off course the great Tiger.
Best Time to Visit: October to March Area: 1985 Sq Km Flora and Fauna: D'Ering Memorial (Lali) Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 190 Sq Km Fauna: Lispid Bear, Tiger, Hogdeer and Endemic Migratory Birds.
Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 218 Sq Km Fauna: Elephants and Various Birds
Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 31 Sq Km Fauna: Elephants, Wild Felines and Deer.
Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 281.5 Sq Km Fauna: Fishing Cat, Spotted Linsang, Common Mongoose, Tigers, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Leopard Cat, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Jackal And Various Birds.
Nameri National Park
Nameri National Park was established in 1978 and is located in the Eastern Himalyas region of the Indian state Assam. Jia Bhoroli River is located within the park and offer a unique atmosphere to the inhabitants of the park. Bamboo forests, moist deciduous forests and narrow strips of grasslands are the specialties of this park.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Chandigarh
Sukhna Lake Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 26 Sq Km Fauna: Hanuman Langur, Rhesus Monkey, Indian Hare, Common-Mongoose, Common rat, Squirrel, Sambar, Spotted Deer (Chittal), Pangolin (ant eater), Wild boar, Jackal, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat and Porcupine.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Chhattisgarh
Indravati National Park
Being the only tiger reserve in Chattisgarh, Indravati National Park is definitely a must visit in central India. Major attractions of this diverse place include Tiger, Indian Bison, Nilgai, Wild Dog, Flying Squirrel, Porcupine, Leopard, Four-horned Antelope and endangered Wild Buffalo.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Haryana
Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 2.11 Sq Km Fauna: Foxes, Monitor Lizards, Black Bucks and Jackals.
Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 45 Sq Km Fauna: Wild Bore Baking, Red Jungle, Grey Hooded Warbler, Red Billed Blue Magpie, Chestnut Bellied Nuthatch, Panther, Bear, Chital, Sambar, Wild Goat, Deer, Grey Capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Blue Bearded Bee Eater, Crested Serpent Eagle and Bar Tailed Treecreeper.
Sultanpur National Park Area: 1.5 Sq Km Fauna: Drongo, Paddyfield Pipit, Purple Sunbird, Kingfishers, Lapwings, Indian Courser, Gray And Black Franklolins, Hoopoe, Indian Roller and Other Migratory Birds.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park
Himachal Pradesh is full of natural beauty and Great Himalayan National Park is no doubt one of the most attractive destinations of this wonderful state. Hiking, trekking, marvelous views of the Himalayan ranges and extremely diverse wildlife population are the main attraction of this park. Tirthan and Sainj valleys are the best places of this park.
Best Time to Visit: April to June and October to November Area: 754.5 Sq Km Fauna: Leopard, Snow leopard, Bharal, Koklas, Cheer, Tragopan, Snow cock, Serow, Monal, Kalij, Musk deer, Brown bear, Goral and Thar.
Pin Valley National Park Area: 675 Sq Km Fauna: Siberian Ibex and Snow Leopard.
Chail Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 109 Sq Km Fauna: Indian Muntjac, Goral Crested Porcupine, Rhesus Macaque and Leopards. Churdhar Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 66 Sq Km Fauna: Monal and Musk deer
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Jammu & Kashmir
Kishatwar National Park
Kishatwar National Park is definitly a paradise for all trekking lovers. It is located in Jammu region of India. The park consists of dense wildlife and sparse forest on a high altitude. Hangul (Kashmiri Stag) is the main wildlife spotted here. Bird watching is the fevorite activity of all the tourists of this park.
Area: 425 Sq Km Fauna: The Brown Bear and Himalayan Snowcock. Best Time to Visit: September to March
Karakoram (Nubra Shyok) Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 5,000.00 Sq Km Fauna: Chiru (Tibetan Antelope), Ibex, Ladakhi Uria and Argali
Hemis National Park Area: 3350 Sq Km Fauna:
Bharal sheep, Tibetan Wolf, Eurasian Brown Bear, Himalayan Vulture and Mountain weasel Best Time to Visit: May to September
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Jharkhand
Betla National Park Being one of the most riskiest national park of India due to the presence of Naxalites in some of the areas of the park, Betla National Park provides a definitely unforgettable experience to all of the visitors. Faunal population of the park includes Panther, Mouse Deer, Hyenas and Sambar.
Best Time to Visit: November to April Area: 226.33 Sq Km
Hazaribagh National Park Area: 186.25 Sq Km Fauna: Spotted Deer, Bisons, Tigers, Panthers and Sambhars.
Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 752.94 Sq Km Fauna: Leopard, Gaur, Sambar, Wild Dogs, Tiger and Elephants.
Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 182.83 Sq Km Fauna: Leopard, Porcupine, Hare, Sloth Bear, Jackal and Monkey.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Karnataka
Kudremukh National Park Another gem from the bucket of Western Ghats, Kudremukh National Park is definitely the pride of Karnataka state of India. It consists of amazin wildlife, lush green grasslands and picturesque rivers such as Tunga and Bhadra. The park is named after the highest peak of the region. The park is located in the Chikmaglur district of Karnataka and is perfect for wildlife watching.
Area: 600.32 Sq Km Fauna: Malabar Giant Squirrel, Common Langur, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Porcupine, Barking Deer, Jackal, Giant Flying Squirrel, Sambar, Spotted Deer, The Mongoose, Tiger, Leopard and Wild Dog. Bandipur National Park Area: 874.2 Sq Km Best Time to Visit: October to May Nagarhole National Park Area: 643.39 Sq Km Fauna: The Hyena, Wild Dog Sloth Bear, Tiger and Leopard. Bannerghatta National Park Area: 104.27 Sq Km Fauna: Chital, Leopards, Elephants, Sloth Bear, Hare, Cobra, Jackal, Fox and White Tiger.
Silent Valley National Park When it comes to the natural beauty and wildlife, Kerala is definitely the place to be in India. Silent Valley National Park is another marvelous offering of this state to mankind. Located amidst the Western Ghats, the park is known to be one of the places where Pandavas spent their 14 year exile as per the Mahabharatha. It consists of moist evergreen forests and moist rainforests.
Area: 89.52 Sq Km Fauna: Nilgiri Tahr, Peshwa’s Bat, Hairy-winged Bat, Lion-tailed Macaque, Niligiri Langur and Malabar Giant Squirrel. Eravikulam National Park Area: 97 Sq Km Fauna: Jungle Cat, Wild dog, Dhole, Gaur, Indian Muntjac and Sambar Deer. Golden Jackal, leopard, Nilgiri Tahr and Tiger.
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 344.44 Sq Km Fauna: Monkeys, Wild Dogs, Bisons, Deer, Bears, Monitor Lizards, Elephants, Tigers, Panthers, Jungle Cats and Civet Cats. Also Read:Wildlife Sanctuaries in Thrissur
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park Bandhavgarh National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh, the wildlife state of India. The park has also been mentioned in the epic Mahabharatha as the place given to Lakshamana by the Lord Rama. It is the proud owner of hosting the highest tiger population in India. Most photographed tigers in the world are from this park only. primitive caves dating back to the 1st century AD and a medieval fort are the othe ttration of this national park. Elephant Safari and Jeep Safari both are available to explore the beauty of nature here. Best Time to Visit: October to April
Area: 448.85 Sq Km Fauna: Barking Deer, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Gaur, Chausingha, Chinkara, White Tigers, Bengal Tigers, Leopards and Sambar.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Maharashtra
Tadoba National Park Having a tiger population of around 65, Tadoba National Park is definitely a must visit for all tiger lovers. Gypsy safaris and elephant ride are two options to enjoy the beauty of this place. Spotting a tiger is the most thrilling and exciting experience for the visitors of this park.
Best Time to Visit: February to March Area: 116.55 Sq Km Navegaon National Park Area: 133.88 Sq Km Fauna: Palm Cavet, Wolf, Jackle, Bisons, Tiger, Panther, Jungle cat, Small India Civet, Sambars, Nilgais, Wild Dogs, , Chitals, Wild boars and Sloth Bears.
Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 778.75 Sq Km Fauna: Wild pigs, Chausinga, Sambar,Gaur and Barking deer
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Manipur
Keibul Lam Jao National Park Unique wetland ecosystem and the Brow-Antlered deer are two reasons to visit Keibul Lam Jao National Park for everyone. It is the only floating national park in the world and is also known for its unique wild cats including Asian Golden Cat and Marbled Cat.
Best Time to Visit: October to April Area: 40 Sq Km
Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 184.4 Sq Km Fauna: Hoolock Gibbon, Wildbear, Common Otter, Pangolin, Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Malayan Sun Bear, Slow Loris, Stump Tail Macaque, Serow and Indian Civet Cat.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Meghalaya
Balpakram National Park Whether it’s the Red Panda or it’s the awesome weather, Balpakram National Park gives many reasons to its visitors to come here again and again. The place is known for the natural vegetation and various species of mammals both. ‘Dikges’, a rare medical herb is also found here in abundance.
Best Time to Visit: April to June Area: 220 Sq Km
Nokrek National Park Area: 47.48 Sq Km Fauna: Asian Elephant, Tiger and Marbled Cat.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Mizoram
Murlen National Park Area: 100 Sq Km Fauna: Malayan Giant Squirrel, Himalayan Black Bear, Malayan Giant, Squirrel, Serow, Hoolock Gibbon, Rhesus Macaque, Tiger, Leopard, Sambar and Barking Deer.
Phawngpui National Park Area: 50 Sq Km Fauna: Leopard, Leopard Cat, Serow, Goral, Mountain Goat, Slow Loris, Tiger, Stump-Tailed Macaque, Capped Langur and Asiatic Black Bear.
Dampa Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 500 Sq Km Fauna: Sloth Bear, Gibbons, Langurs, Slow Loris, Rhesus Macaque, Indian Python, Leopards, Indian Bison and Barking Deer
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Nagaland
Intanki National Park Area: 202.02 Sq Km Fauna: Tiger, White-Breasted Kingfisher, Monitor Lizard, Python, Sloth Bear, Hoolock Gibbon, Golden Langur, Hornbill, Palm Civets and Black Stork.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Odisha
Simlipal National Park
Beautiful waterfalls, peaks, diverse flora and fauna and rivers are the main reasons behind the charisma of Simlipal National Park. Gaurs or Indian Bisons, Four-horned Antelopes, Elephants, tigers, Squirrels, Peacocks and Mynas are among the major attractions of this park.
Best Time to Visit: November to June Area: 845.7 Sq Km
Bhitarkanika National Park Area: 145 Sq Km Fauna: Monkey, Jackal, Wolf, Hyena, Common Langur, Sambar Deer and Fishing Cat.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Punjab
Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 186.5 Sq Km Fauna: Black Buck Deer
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Rajasthan
Desert National Park Desert National Park is located in the Indian state of Rajasthan and was established in 1992. The park is mainly made of sand dunes and grasslands. It is one of the rarest place to spot the desert animals and plant species. Jeep Safari is available to the visitors of this park.
Area: 3,162.00 Sq Km Fauna: Wolf, Hedgehog, Blackbuck, Chinkara, Desert Fox, Bengal Fox and Desert Cat.
Ranthambore National Park Area: 282 Sq Km Best Time to Visit: October to March Keoladeo Ghana National Park Area: 28.73 Sq Km Fauna: Nilgai, Sambar, Wild Boar, Feral Cattle and Chital Deer.
Sariska National Park Area: 273.8 Sq Km Fauna: Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Caracal Chital, Sambhar, Nilgai, Striped Hyena, Golden Jackal,and Chinkara.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Sikkim
Khanghendzonga National Park Another unspoiled and untouched beauty full of bizarre wildlife, Khanghendzonga National Park lures thousands of wildlife enthusiasts towards it. Himalayan Black deer and Snow Leopards are the specialty of this park. The Zemu Glacier, located in the park itself is a major attraction of this place.
Best Time to Visit: April to July Area: 1784 Sq Km Barsey Rhododendron Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 104 Sq Km Fauna: Tibetan Serin
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Tamil Nadu
Guindy National Park Guindy National Park is among one of the smallest national parks of India. However, area covered does not impact its diversity at all. Various species of animals found here include Chital, Jackal, Jackal, Blackbuck, Common Mongoes, three-striped palm squirrel, Hyena, small Indian civet and common palm civet. Butterflies, rodents and bats are among the other attractions of the park.
Valley of Flowers National Park is one of the best UNESCO World's Heritage Sites and is located in the Garhwal region of beautiful state of Uttarakhand. The park gets covered with colorful flowers and is full of grassy meadows. Several endangered species have their habitat here and it is also known for its alpine flowers.
Area: 87.5 Sq Km Fauna: Brown Bear, Red Fox, Blue Sheep, Asiatic Black Bear, Snow Leopard and Musk Deer. Best Time to Visit: July to Mid August
Rajaji National Park Area: 820.42 Sq Km Fauna: Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sambar, Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger and Sloth Bear
Gangotri National Park Area: 2390.02 Sq Km Fauna: Blue Sheep, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Monal, Snow Leopard, Black Bear, Brown Bear, Musk Deer, Koklass and Himalayan Snowcock. Askot Musk Deer Wildlife Sanctuary Area: 599.93 Sq Km Fauna: Musk Deer, Barking Deer, Serow, Goral, Brown Bear, Leopard, Jungle Cat and Civet Cat.
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in West Bengal
Gorumara National Park
Gorumara National Park was established in 1994 and is located in West Bengal state of India. It falls in the Terai region of the eastern Himalayas and is most famous for the Indian rhinoceros. Floral population of the park include Sal forests and Bamboo Groves. It is one of the most visited national parks of West Bengal after Sunderbans.
Area: 79.45 Sq Km Fauna: Asian Elephant, Sloth Bear, Chital, Sambar Deer, Indian Rhinoceros and Gaur. Jaldapara National Park Area: 216.51 Sq Km Fauna: Indian One-Horned Rhinosores, Leopard, Sambar, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, Hog Deer, Wild Pigs and Elephants.
There are many places in India where wildlife safaris are available at a reasonable cost for everyone. However, Some of these places are very famous for their Safaris and variety of rich flora and fauna. Most renowned destinations for enjoying the wildlife safaris in India are mentioned here.
Ranthambore National Park
If you are considering for a wildlife safari in India, the first stop should be Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. It is conveniently located near Delhi and Jaipur making it one of the most accessible wildlife parks of India. The ideal time to spot the wild cats is between March and May. To enjoy the safari, one must hire a jeep or a canter or even have a royal experience on an elephant.
Timings of the Safari
1st October to 31st October Morning Time: 7.00 A.M. to 10.30 A.M. Evening Time: 2.30 P.M. to 6.00 P.M.
1st November to 31st January Morning Time: 7.00 A.M. to 10.30 A.M Evening Time: 2.00 P.M. to 5.30 P.M.
1st February to 31st March Morning Time: 6.30 A.M. to 10.30 A.M Evening Time: 2.30 P.M. to 6.00 P.M.
1st April to 15th May Morning Time: 6.00 A.M. to 9.30 A.M Evening Time:3.00 P.M. to 6.30 P.M.
One of the most popular national parks in India, Jim Corbett National Park should also be in your itinerary while planning a wildlife tour of India. Not only is the wildlife its attraction, its terrain also complements its beauty.There are 3 different safari zones in Jim Corbette National Park - Bijrani, Dhikala, Jhirna, Domunda and Sonanadi and one must cover all the zones to have the best experience. One can get the best view during 15th November to 15th June. Rest of the time it is closed for heavy monsoon.
Jeep Safari Timing (Bijrani, Jhirna, Dhela, Sitabani Zones) Morning 6:30 AM - 10:00 AM Evening 1:30 PM - 5:30 PM
Canter Safari Timing (Dhikala Zone) Morning 6:00 AM - 11:30 AM Evening 12:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Elephant Safari Timing (Bijrani Zone) Morning 6:30 AM - 10:00 AM Evening 1:30 PM - 5:30 PM For Forest Rest Houses, click here
Kaziranga National Park
If you are done with tiger spotting, and want to see what more India offers, then plan your trip to Kaziranga National Park in Assam to catch a glimpse of the exotic-one horned rhino. Declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985, it is one of India's best preserved wildlife sanctuary.Other than the one-horned rhino, you can also spot the elephant, tiger, swamp deer and wild buffalo, though the count has been diminishing.The best time to visit the park is between November to Apriland rest of the months it is closed for heavy monsoon.
The majestic steps of the Asiatic Lion will leave you awe struck in Gir National Park in Gujarat. The Gir National Park, home to the Asiatic Lions contributes significantly to the India's wildlife tourism.The lion breeding program in the park saw significant rise in the number of lions in Gir which directly also witnessed an increase in the number of tourists.Along with Asiatic Lions, you can also see a host of other carnivores like Jungle Ctas, Indian Leopards, Jackals and Sloth Bears. October to May is the best time to visit the Park.
Morning: 6.00 AM to Noon Evening: 3.00 PM to 6.00 PM
Straight out of the pages of Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book, the tiger roars in this park. One cannot afford to miss a safari in the Kanha National Park, the largest in Madhya Pradesh. Though its is a Tiger Reserve, one should not miss the Barasingha which is preserved here. Though it has very dry summers, but monsoons are also bad in Kanha. So, one should brave the heat to have a wonderful wildlife experience in Kanha National Park.One must cover the four different zones namely, Kisli, Mukki, Kanha and Sarhi to enjoy the park to its fullest.
16th October to 15th February Morning Safari: Sunrise to 11:00 AM Afternoon Safari: 02:00 PM to Sunset
16th February to 15th April Morning Safari: Sunrise to 11:00 AM Afternoon Safari: 03 PM to Sunset
16th April to 30th June Morning Safari: Sunrise to 10:00 AM Afternoon Safari:03:30 PM to Sunset
Sunderban Safari is unique in many ways than one. If you want to see a tiger swim or walk through the Mangrove forests, then Sunderbans in West Bengal will offer you the best experience! While most of the safaris in India must be done on a canter, jeep or an elephant, here you can use the simple boat for the safari.Though the park remains open throughout the year, the best time to visit the park is from October to April when the weather is conducive.
Periyar National Park is best enjoyed by bird watchers. If you are opting for this safari for tiger sightings, then you could be disappointed a little. If you take the safari by boat, then you are most likely to enjoy the sight of elephants.Eco Tourism which is promoted by the Sanctuary offers great scope to the wildlife enthusiasts to watch birds and butterflies and even tigers if you are lucky! Hear the murmur of the butterflies, chirping of the birds, gurgling of the watersthrough Nature Walk, Cloud Walk, Green Walk and Bamboo Rafting.
Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the best places for wildlife safaris in India.Tigers have always attracted wildlife lovers and because of a steady presence of tigers, it is also one of the most visited sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh. The two importantways of getting around the park is either on a jeep or on an elephant. The best time to visit Bandhavgarh is from October to mid-June.
Not only the wildlife, but India is also known for its various bird sanctuaries located all around the different regions of this country. These sanctuaries act as a natural habitat for different types of birds including peacocks, parrots, nightingale and many more. Here is the list of some of the best bird sanctuaries of India: