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Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, usually referred to as A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is an Indian politician and scientist who served as the 11th President of India. A Bharat Ratna recipient, Kalam is famous for his contribution to the missile technology for India.
Life of Kalam
APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He was born to father Jainulabdeen, a boat owner and his mother Ashiamma, a housewife. After completing his school, he would distribute newspapers in order to financially contribute to his father’s income. During his school years, Kalam scored average grades and was a bright and hardworking student. He had a strong desire to learn and spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics. After completing his school education at the Rameswaram Elementary School, he went on to attend Saint Joseph’s School in Tiruchirappalli where from he graduated in physics in the year 1954. After that he moved to Madras in the year 1955 to study aerospace engineering.
On 27th July, 2015, Kalam collapsed while delivering a lecture on "Creating a Livable Planet Earth" in IIM Shillong. He was rushed to Bethany Hospital where his reason reason for death was given as a massive cardiac arrest. His last rites were conducted in his native village in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu on 30th July, 2015.