Internal Security of India
Internal Security in India can be broadly classified into Border Management Forces, Police Forces, Security Organizations and the forces/organizations acting for security concerns.
Border management is one of the important aspects in India’s internal as well as external security. The country
has 15106.7 km of land border running through 92 districts in 17 states
and a coastline of 7516.6 km touching 13 states and union territories. The total number of islands in India is 1197 which accounts to a stretch of
2094 km additional border or coastline.
Pradesh, Chhattishgarh, Jharkhand, Delhi and Haryana, India have one or
more international borders or coastline and can be regarded as
frontline states which are very much important from the border
management point of view.
from international border and coastline, all states have well defined
borders. Further addition or elimination of areas to or from a
particular state or union territory are made whenever necessary, on the
basis of the amendments of the constitution. All types of state border
disputes are resolved amicably by the centre. Management of state
borders is treated as an important facet in internal security of the nation.
Below is a list of the length of India’s land borders with neighboring countries.
||Length of the Boarder |
||4096.7 km |
||3488 km |
||3323 km |
||1751 km |
||1643 km |
||699 km |
||106 km |
Police ForcesCentral Police Forces
Central Police forces perform various jobs during emergencies to maintain internal security of the nation. These police forces are engaged in various quarters of the country for the security arrangement. For example the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) is responsible for the protection of the industries from any damage or security. The CISF has also been offered the charge of providing security majors in Indira Gandhi International
Airport and Taj Mahal.
Likewise, the National Security Guard is a Contingency Deployment Force to tackle all facets of terrorism in the country while the Border Security Forces are deployed near international borders to protect the land from infiltration and other related matters.
There are seven police forces under the Home Ministry of the Union Government.
State & UT Police Forces
City Police Forces
Security ConcernsTackling Natural Calamities
Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal ministry for tackling the
situation during natural calamities. In coordination with the concerned
state governments the ministry provides emergency relief and responses
to the people of the affected areas. The type of responses may include
search, rescue, evacuation, air dropping, air lifting, communication,
transport, food grains and providing with essential commodities and
Naxal and Maoist Activities
Naxal and Maoists activities are major threats for the national security
in the recent period. The Government of India in association with the
state governments has adopted a multi pronged strategy to combat the
problem of Naxalism in the country. There are continuous talks going on
with the Naxal outfits. The government has also tried to solve the
grass root level problems concerned with the people. It has accelerated
economic development, increased employment opportunities, removed or
reduced socio-cultural alienation of the people and has also
broaden effective anti-naxalite police actions.
Security OrganizationsApex Organizations