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Unemployment in India


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Unemployment in India

India has been facing huge problem of unemployment and underemployment from years. The state of joblessness for an able man and who is willing to work is known as unemployment. 

NSSO defines unemployment as a situation in which all those who owing to lack of work, are not working but seek work through employment exchanges, intermediaries, friends or relatives.

Various problems like enormous increase in the population, age, vocational unfitness and physical disabilities, technological and economic factors have caused this problem. 

Other problems also contribute towards unemployment. Several socio-economic problems like poverty, malnutrition, antisocial and criminal activities, drug and substance abuse, etc. are the result of ill effects of unemployment.


According to The rate for the current weekly status (CWS) in urban areas for persons of all ages was 10.3 per cent in October-December 2020, the survey showed. The unemployment rate for persons of age 15 years and above in January-March 2021 was 9.3 per cent in urban areas, the 11th Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) showed.

It showed the unemployment rate among females in urban areas was 11.8 per cent in January-March 2021. India's unemployment rate falls to 6.57%, lowest since March 2021: CMIE.

Is there any scheme for unemployed in India?

The Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana or PMRY is a Central Government initiative that aims to provide self-employment opportunities to educated youths who are unemployed. The scheme, launched in 1993, offers an unemployed loan to youth and women. 

The objective of the PMRY scheme is to provide employment opportunities via subsidised financing to the educated unemployed youth and women of the country by setting up a large number of micro-enterprises.

Schemes for Unemployed and Poor

Atal Pension Yojana 
The Co-contributory Pension Scheme by Department of Financial Services aims to encourage people from the unorganised sector to voluntarily save for their retirement and to lower the cost of operations of the New Pension System (NPS) for such subscribers.

Ayushman Bharat 
This provides information about Ayushman Bharat, a flagship scheme of Government of India that aims to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

Pradhan Mantri Dakshta Aur Kushalta Sampann Hitgrahi Yojana 
Provides information about PM-DAKSH (Pradhan Mantri Dakshta Aur Kushalta Sampann Hitgrahi) scheme of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Prime Minister Awaas Yojana - Gramin 
The main objective of the PM Awas Yojana Scheme is housing that is affordable for all by the year 2022.

Schemes for Unemployed Women 
This folder contents of Schemes for Unemployed Women.

SMILE Scheme for Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise 
Provides information about SMILE: Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise scheme of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

Social security relief to dependents of workers passing away due to COVID-19 
Provides information about social security relief to dependents of workers passing away due to COVID-19 of the Ministry of Labour & Employment..

Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise 
Provides information about Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise (SMILE).

Udiyaman Swanirbhar Karmasansthan Prakalpa (USKP) 
Scheme of West Bengal to assist validly registered unemployed youth to take up economically viable projects.

Other schemes by Indian Government are: 

  • Skill India Mission
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY)
  • PM SVANidhi
  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
  • National Career Service
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) 

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