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Islam with almost 14% of the total population, is the second most practiced religion in India after Hinduism. India's Muslim population is world's third largest and account for world's largest Muslim minority population. Islam came to India much before the Muslim invasions. Islamic influence first came to be felt in the early 7th century with the advent of Arab traders. It was indeed with the rise of Islam that Arabs became great force in the world.
The first Indian mosque Cheraman Juma Masjid was built in 629 A.D and there are enough evidence to prove that Muslims and Arabs interacted with Indians in the early phase of Islam. The spread of Islam in India can largely be credited to Sufism, as many Sufi beliefs found their parallels in Indian philosophical literature, in particular nonviolence and monism.
Hazrat Khawaja Muin-ud-din Chishti, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, Nizam-ud-din Auliya, Shah Jalal, Amir Khusro, Sarkar Sabir Pak, Shekh Alla-ul-Haq Pandwi, Ashraf Jahangir Semnani, Waris Pak trained Sufis for the propagation of Islam in different parts of India. The Sufi Movement played a very important role in bringing the Islam and indigenous traditions together. Ahmad Sirhindi, a prominent member of the Naqshbandi Sufi advocated the peaceful conversion of Hindus to Islam.
After the Muslim invasions India was under the rule of several Muslim emperors who spread Islam in India. India had a long stretch of Muslim rule under the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. The Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal rule saw the construction of the several Islamic mosques and forts in India and also the conversion of large number of people to Islam.