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Zoroastrian in India


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Zoroastrian in India

The Parsis and the Iranis represent two major categories of Zoroastrian communities. The only evidence of their arrival in India is a poem "Story of Sanjan" by a Parsi priest in Sanskrit. Although the poem gives a clear picture of their settlement in India, but the actual time when they arrived is still a mystery.

The Parsis first settled in Sangam in the kingdom of Jadi Rama on the Western Coast of India. By the 10th Century, they had spread to other cities and villages of Gujarat. About the year 1290 the Parsis were under 5 different groups of priests based on the geographical location in Gujarat. These priestly groups were: The Bhagarias (Navsari), Bharucha, Godavra (Surat), Khambatta and Sanjanas. It was by 11th Century that the Parsis were well established in Gujarat and were frequently traveling to Portuguese and Iran.

Parsis were engaged in all kinds of work profiles except that of iron-smithing, as they considered it to be unreligious. During the 16th century, Parsis started settling in Mumbai, and by the 19th and 20th centuries, they had spread across Mumbai and it became their center.

The teachings and philosophies of Zoroastrianism is based on the teachings of Zoroaster, the prophet of Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism is a monotheistic religion with the belief that, there is only one creator and supreme force that rules over all the creations, Ahura Mazda. Under Ahura Mazda, there are lesser divinities such as the Yazatas, and the Amesha Spentas which are all created by Ahura Mazda.

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