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Visual Arts : Indian Paintings


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Visual Arts : Indian Paintings

The history of paintings in India has been since the Pre-historic age as the Petroglyphs were the first paintings. Craftsmen continued to innovate in their skill of paintings, and around 7th century the famous pillars of Ellora presented a great example of Indian painting and usage of colors. Ajanta and Ellora caves which came in later parts of the century are amongst the favorite tourist attractions in India till date.

On the onset of Buddhism, the palaces of kings were all embellished with beautiful paintings. Over the passage of time various immigrant cultures and traditions had tremendous impact on the art forms in India. Mughal and Rajput paintings mainly focused on the miniature form of art. Starting from the point of being only religiously dependent, paintings over a period of time emerged as the source to display contemporary culture and beliefs.

The Indian paintings can broadly be classified as Miniature and Murals. Miniature paintings are crafted on perishable materials like paper or cloth. The miniature form of painting was pioneered by the Palas of Bengal, which reached its glory during the Mughal Era. The art form was preserved and expanded by painters of different Rajasthani schools of painting like the Bundi, Kishangarh, Jaipur, Marwar and Mewar.

On the other hand the Murals are huge forms of art, which are crafted on solid structures like walls or stones like those on the Ajanta and Ellora Caves.

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