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Civil Disobedience Movement was launched in the Congress Session of
December 1929 and continued till 1934. Mahatma Gandhi was the forerunner
of the movement. The aim of this movement was a complete disobedience
of the orders of the British Government.
During this movement it
was decided that India would be given Independence on 26th January.
were held all over the country and the Congress tricolour was hoisted
on 26th January 1930. The British Government tried to suppress the
movement and resisting to the brutal firing hundreds of people were
killed. Thousands were arrested along with Gandhiji and Jawaharlal
There was agitation against land
revenue, abolition of salt tax, cutting down military expenditure,
levying duty on foreign cloth, among others, throughout India. A very important
movement was that of Salt Satyagraha where Gandhi undertook the Dandi
march as a protest against the Salt tax.
Dandi March took place
on March 12, 1930. Gandhiji along with his followers marched on 240 miles
path to Dandi, a village near Sabarmati to prepare salt as a symbol of
violation of tax imposed on salt by British.
He inspired millions
of others to take the first step on the road to liberation and
Round Table Conference
movement spread all over the country. Following this, Round Table
Conferences were arranged by the British. Three Round Table Conferences
were held between 1930-1932.
Second Round Table Conference was held in September – December 1931. Gandhi–Irwin Pact was signed by
Mahatma Gandhi and the then Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 5th March
1931.Gandhiji attended the second Round Table Conference at London. But
nothing came out of the conference and the Civil Disobedience Movement
During this time, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru
were arrested on the charges of throwing a bomb in the Central Assembly
Hall and were hanged to death on March 23, 1931.