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Battles of Panipat

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Battles of Panipat

Three battles of Panipat were fought in Indian history: First in 1526 between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi, Second in 1556 between Akbar and Hemu and the Third in 1761 between Durrani Empire and Maratha Empire.

First Battle of Panipat (1526)

The first battle of Panipat saw emergence of the Mughals, mightiest power in Indian History. According to legends it was the oldest Indian battles to have used gunpowder firearms and field artillery. The battle was fough between two mega-powers. Babur, then ruler of Kabul and Ibrahim Lodhi, king of Delhi Sultanate. It was fought near Panipat (present day Haryana).
First Battle of Panipat
Although Babur had a fighting Army of 8,000 soldiers and Lodhi had around 40,000 soldiers along with 400 war elephants, yet the main element that proved an ace-card for Babur for the use of field artillery. Apart from fighting and defeating men, the artillery was powerful to scare elephants and cause havoc amongst them. In the end, it was Babur who emerged victorious and established the Mughal Empire, while Ibrahim Lodhi perished in the Battle.

Second Battle of Panipat (1556)

The Second battle of Panipat marked the beginning of Akbar’s reign in India, as it was in the first year of his holding the throne. The battle was fought between Akbar (Ruler of Mughal Dynasty) and Muhammad Adil Shah (ruler of Pashtan Suri Dynasty), along with his Prime Minister Hemu.

In the year 1556, Akbar had successfully taken up the throne of his father when Mughals had spread across Kabul, Kandahar and parts of Delhi and Punjab. Hemu (Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya) was the military chief of Afghan Sultan Mohammad Adil Shah, who was the ruler of Chunar at that point. Adil Shah was on a trail to remove Mughals from India.

Second Battle of PanipatTaking the advantage of Humayun’s death he was successful in capturing the reigns of Agra and Delhi without much difficulty. This victory of Adil Shah and Hemu didn’t last much as Bairam Shah, who was the chief Minister and guardian of Akbar proceeded with a large army towards Delhi.

The battle was fought at Panipat with strong competitors on both sides. Hemu had a large army along with 1500 War elephants. Hemu was struck with an arrow in his eye and subsequently the army got panicked seeing their unconscious leader. The battle concluded with Mughals crowned with victory.

The head of Hemu was chopped and the torso was made to travel to Delhi to celebrate the grand victory of Mughals. Thus, it was this ferocious battle that reestablished the strong Mughal Empire which had a powerful reign of Akbar to create history.

Third Battle of Panipat (1761)

The third battle of Panipat was fought between the Afghans and the Marathas. The battle was significant as it marked the end of Maratha dominance in India. At the time of this battle Afghans were under the leadership of Ahmed Shah Abdali and the Marathas under the leadership of Peshwas had established control across Northern India. During the eighteenth century the parallel decline of Mughal Empire and defeat of Marathas in the battle of Panipat saw a new beginning of the colonial rule in India.

The main cause attributed towards the defeat of Marathas in the battle was the lack of allies due to their brutal behavior during the earlier years of reign. All important rulers including Sikhs, Jats, Kingdom of Awadh, Rajputs and many more were all upset with the treatment of Marathas towards them. The third battle of Panipat was fought in between Kaalaa Aamb and Sanauli road of present day. Both forces moved in lines, but intelligently the Afghans had cut all possible lines for Maratha Forces.

Third Battle of PanipatThe Maratha Army consisted of the artillery in front, protected by infantry, pike men, bowman and musketeers. The cavalry was instructed to wait behind the artillery and bayonet holding musketeers and they were ready to charge when control of battlefield is fully established. Behind the line were thirty thousand young men who were not that expert in fighting and then about thirty thousand civilians.

This civilian line consisted of many middle class men, women, children who took this as an opportunity to visit pilgrimage to visit holy places and shrines and also Aryavarta (Aryan land). Behind the civilian line there was another protective infantry line composed of comparatively young and experienced soldiers. 

On the other hand the Afghans also formed up a similar kind of Infantry in the third battle of Panipat, the left wing formed by the Najib`s Rohillas and the right wing by two brigades of Persian troops. The left center was controlled by two higher officials, Shuja-ud-Daulah and ahmad shah`s Vizier Shah Wali. The right center consisted of Rohillas, under Hafiz Rahamat and other chiefs of the Indian Pathans.

Pasand Khan led the left wing, which was composed of well-chosen Afghan horsemen. This way the army moved forward with the Shah at the center so that he could watch and control the battle. The battle lasted for two months which ultimately resulted in the defeat of Marathas and end of their dominance in India.
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  • M
    Mohit arya from Bhagalpur 68 Days ago

    Baxer war,ghagri war,khanwa war,

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  • s
    sameer from mumbai 68 Days ago

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Battle_of_Panipatplease dont change the history of any rively... as every community has very strong history to proud... such king of chutiya writer does to get attention in their bussiness.... i repeat. a chutiya writer....

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  • L
    Lavish jain from Gwalior 224 Days ago

    Nice

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  • s
    shubham from Akola 284 Days ago

    very nice

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  • V
    Vijay from Kuravappulam 290 Days ago

    Is very nice

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  • T
    Tankeswar Roy from Assam, korbi anglong 292 Days ago

    Very good

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  • s
    sameer from mumbai 295 Days ago

    can i get the name of person who wrote this article ?

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  • V
    V K PATIL from MUMBAI 348 Days ago

    MARATHA HAVING GUTS TO FIGHT ,FAR LONG DISTNCE FROM MAHARASHTRA TO PANIPAT AND LENGTHY PERIOD.WHICH IS HIGHLY APPRECIABLE. AND ONLY BECAUSE OF MARATHA MOGUAL EMPIRE AURANGJEB DECIDED TO FINISH MARATHA AND HENCE ENTER WITH POWERFUL ARMY FROM DELHI HEADOFFICE TO AURANGABAD,MAHARASHTRA,BUT NOT SUCCEDED. GANIMI KAWA BATTLE OF WAR STATEGIES SINCE FROM CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ(OUR GOD FATHER) IS HIGHLY USEFUL AND HAMPERS THE ENENIMIES STRONG ARMIES. MARATHA MEANS "MAREPARYATA LADHANARA"i.e. TO FIGHT TILL DEATH.

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  • k
    kishor ghadge from kalyan 394 Days ago

    this is such a bullshit.You cant accuse marathas that there behaviour was brutal.maratha men alwys respected everyone.u just don't have rights to accuse their reputation and judge what they did.they were the most powerful forces and most of all they were fighting for the freedom of our country.point to be noted"for the whole country"the people who followed the footprints of chatrapati can never be brutal to anyone.yes they losed the battle but they never gave up.we are proud of our history.no matter what you say.we know our raje and we knew all our men who died for there country so there is no need for this stupid judgement of yours.Marathas helped everyone.just remember it.they didn't fought for there religion they fought for there country.n we are proud of it.dont dare to change our history.our men"s hardwork.just don't dare.

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    k
    kajalfrom kolkatta 967 Days ago

    Hii

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    k
    kajalfrom kolkatta 930 Days ago

    Hii

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    p
    premfrom new delhi 840 Days ago

    you cannot belie the facts!

    2 1
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    s
    sohamfrom kolkata 758 Days ago

    ই হ্জ্ন্ক্ম্মোইজ দ্ক্ষ্ফ্গ্গ

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    s
    sohamfrom belur 758 Days ago

    i like this details very much.

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    G
    Govind Sadashiv Karnadefrom Jalna 755 Days ago

    I am agree with you sir.

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    s
    samafrom delhi 750 Days ago

    you are too foolish.

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    N
    Neelfrom Nagpur 707 Days ago

    Hi....msg or call me at 9158081018

    1 1
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    N
    Nitinfrom Mumbai 640 Days ago

    Aurangzeb died in Maharashtra but failed to defeat Maratha...and it is the reason Mughals became weak..there were no one but only Marathas who made Mughals weak

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    s
    sadiqfrom mumbai 575 Days ago

    you have seen despacitoojisuchuxgNXSSSIUSXHbsxhjbsoxytfdcdgvfhb\

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    a
    anil jadhavfrom kharghar navi mumbai 575 Days ago

    very true,only maratha has strong courage to defeate moghals in india,no any hinduking has shown courage to fight against moghal and in indian history it is proved moghal was always worried maratha.even rajput king also failed to defeate moghal.punjab always beaten by moghal n given entry to moghal. northen part of indias hindu king were very weak.only maratha was most powerfull in india.moghal were very well known abt maratha,even today maratha is against of anti national muslim .maratha lost panipat coz gaddar shinde of gwalher n other maratha subhedars ranway frm battle of panipat.in indian history,after maurya,samrat ashok,n shivaji maharaja and maratha peshwas were true warriors

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    S
    Samfrom Delhi 407 Days ago

    790907756 msg

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    R
    Rfrom Uda 400 Days ago

    Kya mujhe chodne dogey ek puri raat k liye, tere didi behen hai to use bhi chodunga, teti maa ko bhi.Teri choot lal kardunga

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    X
    Xfrom X 400 Days ago

    Kyu behen ko chudwana hai mujhse???

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    X
    Xfrom C 400 Days ago

    Kyu maa ko bechna hai kya kote me sabse pehle me chodunga teri maa ko

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    M
    MKSfrom XXXX 295 Days ago

    How old is the history of bravery of Marathas ? When the Mughals became very weak the Marathas became strong for few decades and after that when they met a strong army they were finished in the battle of Panipat. Boasting and self praise will not make them great. We should not forget that Marathas helped Biritish army.

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  • r
    riya from manjalpur 407 Days ago

    what

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    M
    Maanfrom Ujjain 453 Days ago

    Shiva then released the brahmastra and destroyed everything

    2 1
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  • s
    sathya from salem 551 Days ago

    Nice story with history

    7 1
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  • S
    Shreya from Dombivli 598 Days ago

    Nice story

    8 1
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  • n
    nitin from sonipat 945 Days ago

    on which place these battle fighted ?

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    X
    Xfrom C 108 Days ago

    Teti maa ki choot aur baap k land me hua

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  • R
    Rohan from Ballari 949 Days ago

    Superb

    2 2
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  • S
    Sonu from gurgaon 1131 Days ago

    Panipat all world war

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    p
    poojithafrom kurnool 988 Days ago

    awesome.....

    3 1
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    p
    poojithafrom kurnool 988 Days ago

    awesome.....

    4 3
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    p
    poojithafrom kurnool 988 Days ago

    awesome.....

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    p
    poojithafrom kurnool 988 Days ago

    awesome.....

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    Z
    Zabifrom Davangere 930 Days ago

    Hai

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