The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is the apex body for education, research and extension education in the field of agriculture in India. Established in 1929, this council regulates various education and research processes in the country thereby transforming the country from a food deficit to a food surplus country. The ICAR is smoothly and rapidly transferring the farm technology from the laboratory to the land.
ICAR holds the responsibility of 43 research institutes, four national research bureaus, 20 national research centers, nine project directorates, 70 all-India coordinated research projects, and 109 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (farm science centers). Besides, the program of Agricultural Education is coordinated by ICAR with the curricula and other normative guidance given to the 26 Agricultural Universities and four National Research Institutes.
Today, India by successfully implementing its technology in agriculture has not only become self-sufficient in grain production, but also has a substantial reserve for the future. There has been significant progress in developing high yielding variety of crops and utilization of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. There is also training and demonstrating programs being carried out by appropriate authorities. Quality testing of bio-fertilizers is also being done. Hence in other words the country has got tremendous success in agricultural development by proper implementation of its technology.Useful Links:Indian Council of Agricultural research (ICAR)Department of Agricultural Research and EducationDepartment of Agriculture and CooperationDepartment of Animal Husbandry and Dairying