Monuments and Forts in India
India is such a diverse land. There is an amalgamation of different cultures, traditions and religions and this is what makes us so unique. The diversity of the country is the feature that attracts millions of foreign tourists each year.
Talk about the cultural diversity and rich heritage of the country and you cannot miss the monuments of India. From temples to forts, palaces to museums, there is so much to explore that people often spend months in just a particular region.
Top Monuments in India
Red Fort – New DelhiRed Fort
has been the seat of the Mughal empire for more than 200 years.
On 15th August each year the prime minister of India hoists the national flag at the main gate. A sound and light show is held each evening.
It is one of the largest monuments of Delhi and attracts thousands of domestic and international tourists.Also Read: How to Reach Red Fort
| Monuments in Delhi
Taj Mahal – Agra
The epitome of love – Taj Mahal
is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his loving wife Mumtaz Mahal, this mausoleum is located in the heart of Agra city
It is also known as Darbar Sahib and was built by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ramdaas Sahib Ji, in the 16th century.
It is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Amritsar city
and attracts people from different parts of the country and the world.Also Read: Dhabas near Golden Temple
Jama Masjid - Delhi
The Jama Masjid
of Old Delhi is the largest mosque of the country. The mosque was built by the great Mughal ruler – Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1658.
Humayun’s Tomb – New Delhi
A shining example of Mughal architecture, Humayun’s Tomb
is a popular tourist attraction of the national capital.
The tomb was built in 1565 A.D. nine years after the death of Humayun, by his senior widow Bega Begam.
India Gate – New DelhiIndia Gate
is the soul identity of the national capital. From children to oldies, everyone loves to spend a breezy evening in the lawns of India Gate.
The 42 meters high India Gate commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army during the World War I.
National War Memorial
The National War Memorial was inaugurated on February 25, 2019, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. War Memorial Stadium was dedicated as a tribute to Arkansans who had given their lives in the service of their country during the two great World Wars.
The National war memorial thus represents the gratitude of a nation to its armed forces. The gratitude of a nation to its armed forces. The memorial will help strengthen the sense of belonging, high moral values, sacrifice, and national pride in our citizens or young generation always remember moral values.
Out of over 83,000 Indians who laid down their lives, India Gate bears 13,516 names, etched all over the monument. A two-stage Global competition to select a suitable design for the Memorial was held from 2016-to 17.
Shri Yogesh Chandrasan of WeBe Design Lab Chennai won the Global competition for his design and was appointed Project Consultant. The Amar Jawan Jyoti flame at India Gate was merged with the Eternal Flame at the National War Memorial in New Delhi.
Gateway of India – Mumbai
Think of Mumbai, think of Gateway of India
. The monument is a perfect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture.
Ellora Caves – Aurangabad
Just 29km from Aurangabad in Maharashtra are the spectacular Ellora Caves. These caves are a world heritage site and are the epitome of rock cut architecture. Read More
Victoria Memorial – KolkataVictoria Memorial
is the identity of Kolkata. This architectural wonder is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Kolkata city. Also Read: Monuments in Kolkata
City Palace – Udaipur
Located on the banks of Lake Pichola
, City Palace
is an architectural masterpiece. It is one of the finest palaces of Udaipur city and was built nearly 400 years ago.
Charminar – HyderabadCharminar
is the global icon of Hyderabad city. It was built in 1591 and is one of the most popular monuments of the region.
Amber Fort – JaipurAmer Fort
and Palace was originally built by Raja Man Singh in 1592 and subsequently developed by Sawai Jai Singh.
Sun Temple – Konark
This 13th century monument at Konark in Odisha is a World Heritage Site. It is a sun temple which is also referred to as Black Pagoda. Read More
Falaknuma Palace – Hyderabad
One of the finest palaces of the country, Falaknuma Palace
is class personified.
It once belonged to Paigah Hyderabad state and was later handed over to the Nizams. Falaknuma means ‘Like the sky’ or ‘Mirror of sky’ in Urdu.
Ujjayanta Palace – Agartala Ujjayanta Palace
is the royal palace of Tripura and is situated in the capital of the state, Agartala. It is believed that the palace got its name from none other than Rabindranath Tagore.
It was constructed beteen 1899 and 1901 by then Tripura king, Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya.
Khajuraho Group of Monuments – Khajuraho
The famous Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh attract millions of domestic and international tourists. The temples are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The temples signify acceptance of both Hinduism and Jainism. A large part of the temples were built between 950 and 1050 AD.
The intricate details, ancient art and expressiveness of the sculptures are the main highlight of the temples.
They are famous for their Nagara style architectural symbolism and erotic sculptures. Experts say that by the 12th century there were more than 85 temples. Today only 20 of them survive.
Mysore Palace – Mysore
Mysore Palace which is also known as Amba Vilas Palace is one of the most prominent palaces of south India. Read More
Gwalior Fort – Gwalior
One of the prime tourist attractions of the country, Gwalior Fort or Gwalior Qila is located in the heart of Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. Read More
Golconda Fort – Hyderabad
Situated just 11km from Hyderabad city, Golconda
is a ruined fort. The entire complex has four forts, eight gateways and a large number of temples, mosques and stables. Read More
Think of Rajputana opulence and you cannot miss the mighty Kumbalgarh Fort
. It is one of the largest forts in India. The fort is a World Heritage Site and is included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan by UNESCO. Read More
Hawa MahalHawa Mahal
is an integral part of the identity of Jaipur. It is in fact one of the most popular tourist attractions of the pink city.
Brihadeeshwara TempleBrihadeeshara Temple
is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is situated in the beautiful city of Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Sanchi StupaSanchi Stupa
is one of the oldest stone structures in India. It is also one of the most famous Buddhist monuments in our country.
Sanchi has now been listed under world heritage sites by UNESCO.
Meenakshi Amman Temple
One of the most famous temples and places to visit in Tamil Nadu, Meenakshi Amman Temple
is an architectural marvel. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Parvati (also referred to as Meenakshi) and his consort Lord Shiva. It is one of the most visited temples in southern India after Tirupati.
State wise list of Monuments in India
Monuments in Andhra Pradesh
Monuments in Jammu and Kashmir
Monuments in Madhya Pradesh
- Jal Vilas Palace
- Chanderi Fort
- Jahaz Mahal Chhatris of Orchha
- Ram Ghat Ujjain
- Hoshang Shah’s tomb
- Bhimbetka Caves
- Dhar Fort
- Lal Bagh Palace