21 Most Beautiful Gardens in India
India has no dearth of natural beauty and resources. Mountains, falls, lakes, deserts, rivers, forests-the country is naturally blessed. But the thirst for beauty among humans does not get satiated with natural diversities only. So, they make their own places to worship the natural elements. Gardens are such places where beauty is worshiped, where the human-souls feel relaxed being close to the nature. Since eons the rajas, maharajas and emperors of India had been constructing beautiful gardens adorned with flowers, plants and natural resources like falls, ponds or lakes.
Here is a list of the most beautiful gardens in India:
Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir
Rajas, Maharajas and Sultans wee mostly known as either tyrannous or benevolent; but they were also known as the patrons of arts, fine-arts and moreover the beauty. Mughal Emperors were no exception in that case. One of the most beautiful Mughal Gardens in India, Shalimar Bagh was actually a loving gift from the Mughal Emperor Janagir to his beautiful wife Nur Jahan. This stunning piece of beauty was built in 1619 and is counted as the high point of Mughal Horticulture. Shalima Bagh is a fine example of Persian garden layouts.
Set amidst the amazing natural splendor, this leafy garden is a place for sheer romance. The famous garden of Shalimar has a two-folded history. Though the garden was built by Emperor Jahangir for his wife, the land would actually belong to King Pravarsena II, the founder of Srinagar city. He named this place Shalimar (abode of Love in Sanskrit) and built a cottage there which over the times was ruined and later could never be traced again. It was Jahangir who chose the place for the garden to be built.
Hanging Garden, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Nestled at the top of Malabar Hill, the Hanging Gardens
of the Pherozeshah Mehta Gardens are considered among the most beautiful gardens in the country. These neatly done and well-maintained gardens offer stunning views of the city over the blue Arabian Sea during the sunset.
The Garden which was built in 1881 went through a major reconstruction work and got its final set up. It was believed that the garden was mainly built to cover and protect the biggest water reservoir of Mumbai from getting contaminated from the nearby Towers of Silence.
Brindavan Garden, Mysore, Karnataka
Brindavan Garden is a globally acclaimed garden and a famous beauty spot in Karnataka. Brindavan Gaden is situated in the Mandya district of Karnataka
which is 143 km far from Bangalore and a mere 24 km far from Mysore. This manmade marvel lies alongside the famous Krishnarajasagara Dam which is built across the disputed Cauvery River. The reason for building the garden was to uplift the beauty of the river banks and to let people experience beauty of both the dam and the areas alongside it.
The Legendary engineer and Bharat Ratna Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was the man behind the idea of Brindavan Garden. The stunning garden lies over 60 acres and modeled on the design of the Shalimar Garden of Srinagar. It forms three steps of terraces ending in a shape of horseshoe. It is also one of the most beautiful terrace Gardens in the world.
Mughal Garden, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Delhi
The Rashtrapati Bhavan
in Delhi has its own dedicated garden, dotted with beautiful variety of flowers making it one of the most beautiful gardens in the country. The Mughal Garden
, as it is known to all contains both the Mughal and English landscaping styles. The whole garden is divided into four parts- the main garden, the terrace garden, the long garden or the Purdha garden and the circular garden.
All the parts are filled with plenty of different flower plants and the main garden has several fountains and water channels decorating the all over beauty truly enthralling. The garden remains open to the public in February ever year.
Pinjore Garden, Panchkula, Haryana
Pinjore Garden is another beautiful garden in India situating at 22 km far from Chandigarh at a village called Pinjore on the Ambala-Shimla highway. This stunning garden is another instance of the Mughal Gardens style. Pinjore Garden was originally built by Nawab Fidai Khan of Patiala Dynasty in the 17th century. But due to lack of maintenance, the garden fell into ruins and it was Maharaja Yadavindra Singh, the erstwhile king of the princely state of Patiala who reconstructed the garden and restored it with the previous splendor.
The garden is now renamed after his as Yadavindra Garden. Pinjore garden houses seven terraces. The Shish Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Rang Mahal and the Jal Mahal, all these beautiful palaces make the garden look even more royal.
Nishat Bagh, Srinagar, J & K
The second largest Mughal Garden of the valley and one of the most beautiful gardens in the whole country, Nishat Bagh is truly a pride of Srinagar. Set up among a splendid natural circumstances embellished with the enchanting Zabarwan Mountains and the breathtaking Dal Lake just beneath the snow-clad Pir Pinjal mountain range, Nishat Bagh was a loving gift of Asif Khan to his siste Nur Jahan, the wife of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.
Like all the othe Mughal Gardens, the layout of Nishat Bhag was also based on the basic models of Persian Gardens only the water supply system was to modulate according to its location and water availability. Nishat Bagh originally boasts a total number of twelve terraces among which the second terrace is considered the most beautiful one.
Lodhi Garden, Delhi
Sprawling over 90 acres between Khan Market and the Safdarjung’s Tomb, Lodhi Garden
is Delhi’s most popular garden. It also houses the tombs of Mohammad Shah, the ruler of the Sayyid Dynasty, Sikander Lodi, the most successful ruler of the Lodhi dynasty along with Sheesh Gumbad and Bada Gumbad.
The garden was built by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah in 1444 to show tribute to Mohammad Shah and is a beautiful instance of the refined architectural works of the Lodhis in the 15th century. The architecture is an amazing combination of both Hindu and Islamic styles. This stunningly beautiful garden is now the property of the Archaeological Survey of India and a favourite morning-walk destination for the locals.
Government Botanical Garden, Ooty, Tamil Nadu
The botanical garden at Ooty
is a state government owned garden that was set up in 1848, during the colonial rule. The beautiful garden is an important one mainly because it houses almost a thousand varieties of of both exotic and indigenous plants, some of which are of rare species. The garden lies covering an area of around 22 hectares on the lower slopes of Doddabetta peak, the highest mountain of the Nilgiri Hills.
The gorgeous garden is divided into six layers and boasts Italian garden, conservatory, nurseries, fountains etc. One of the main attractions of the garden is the fossil tree trunk which is at least 20 million years old. Another interesting feature of the garden is the Toda hill or the Toda Mund, a place that showcases the lifestyles of Todas, the original tribes of Ooty.
Rock Garden, Chandigarh
Neither it exhibits a variety of flowers or plants nor has a lush green area to sooth your eyes with natural beauty; the Rock Garden of Chandigarh
is a garden filled with sculptural works those were built of industrial an home waste materials and the thrown-away items, completely! The Rock Garden was founded by Nek Chand, a government official in 1957. Interestingly, he started working on the garden totally in secret.
He used to collect the waste materials from the demolition sites during the construction of Chandigarh. And now the beautiful garden is spread over an area of forty acres. Apart from those amazingly unique artifacts the garden also consists of man-made waterfalls, caves etc. from the bottles, bangles, tiles, pots, sinks, glasses and many other scrap items.
Lloyd’s Botanical Garden, Darjeeling, West Bengal
Lloyd’s Botanical Garden is another piece of beauty established during the British rule in 1878. The garden was initially set up as a distance annex of the Shibpur Botanical Garden, Kolkata
. Lloyd’s Botanical Garden is situated amidst a stunning landscape of open hill slope which makes the garden one of the bests in Asia.
Lloyd’s Garden houses a huge variety of Himalayan indigenous plants reminding us the main purpose for setting up the garden which was to study and research on the Himalayan floras. Apart from these, it also boasts several ferns, conifer trees, cactus variations etc. The Orchderium inside the garden has more than 250 orchids of 50 varieties on display. A large part of the garden is filled with the brightly hued exotic flower plants collected from around the world.
Lal Bagh Gardens, Bangalore, Karnataka
The most known garden in the garden city of Bangalore
, the Lal Bagh
is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful ones in India. The garden has its share of glorious history as it was originally started by Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore and finally completed by his son Tipu Sultan. The famous glass house at the garden attracts thousands of visitors during the annual flower show organized at the garden. Lal Bagh also houses the largest collection of tropical plants in India.
Chashme Shahi Garden, Srinagar, J & K
Set amidst a spectacular backdrop of the Zabarwan Range, Chashme Shahi Garden is another lovely example of the Mughal Gardens in Kashmir. Built by Ali Mardan, the governor of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1632, the garden is situated around a spring, overlooking the Dal Lake.
The construction of the garden was commissioned by Dara Shiko, the eldest son of Shah Jahan. Inside the garden there is Pari Mahal where Dara used to learn astrology and supposedly was also killed there by his younger brother, Aurangzeb. This royal garden along with the royal spring (Chashme Shahi) are India’s one of the most beautiful gardens.
Leisure Valley, Chandigarh
Truly a place for ultimate leisure, the Leisure Valley in Chandigarh
is one of the most peaceful and beautiful gardens in India which is popularly known as the lungs of the city. The garden is actually a bunch of beautiful theme gardens and parks are collectively called the Leisure Valley. It is lying around the whole city adorning it like a beautiful garland.
The main garden begins at the Rajendra Park in Sector 1 which is used for long walks, physical work-outs etc. and stretches till the stunning Bougainvillea garden in Sector 3. The garden then extends to the botanical garden in sector 14. It then further moves on to the amazing rose garden in sector 16 and then enters sector 23. The park was designed and built by Le Corbusier and the garden was open to public in 1987.
Sayaji Baug, Vadodara, Gujarat
The largest garden in the whole western India Sayaji Baug or Kamati Baug is one of the most stunning gardens of the country. The garden was a gift from Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III to the citizens of Baroda (now Vadodara
) in 1879. This beautiful garden stretching over 113 acres houses almost 100 species of plants. The huge garden also comprises of the Sardar Patel Planetarium, Baroda Museum & Picture Gallery, Sayaji Baug Zoo and a beautiful floral clock. The garden which is maintained by the Vadodara Municipal Corporation is considered among the finest gardens in Asia.
Mehtab Bagh, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Buit much before the Taj Mahal came to existence, Mehtab Bagh
or the Moonlit Garden was a dream of Babur that almost died without proper care. It is the last of the eleven gardens built y the Mughal emperors along the Yamuna River. After realizing the adverse effects of the sands flying from the dried up garden Mehtab Bagh was again restored with its previous magnificence. It is now a beautiful charbagh (quadrilateral gardens) complex lying north to the Taj Mahal complex.
Acharya Jagadish Chanda Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal
Previously known as Indian Botanic Garden and commonly known as the Calcutta Botanical Garden, the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden is a beautiful and one of the most famous botanical gardens globally. The garden which is located at Shibpur, Howrah
, near Kolkata proudly boasts a total collection of more than 12,000 plant specimens and a huge range of rare floras sprawled over 109 hectares. Among the great collections of orchids, palms, bamboos and other plants the most famous landmark of the beautiful garden is the Great Banyan tree which is considered to be the largest tree in the world!
Cubbon Park, Bangalore, Karnataka
Another beautiful garden and one of the ‘lung areas’ in Bangalore, Cubbon Park
certainly is a place of peacefulness in the hustle-bustle of the city. The garden was originally built in 1870 and named after its longest serving commissioner of Mysore, Sir Mark Cubbon. On an interesting note, it is the Cubbon Park that was the reason behind the Bangalore city was nicknamed as the Garden City. Cubbon Park has almost 6000 plants inside it with around 96 different species of floras.
Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden, Srinagar, J & K
The largest Tulip garden in Asia, Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden is another addition in most the beautiful gardens in India. The garden covers an area of around 12 hectares and located on the lap of majestic Zabarwan Range overlooking the stunning Dal Lake
. The garden was established in 2006-07 mainly to encourage the horticulture and to help fostering the tourism in the state. The garden boasts at least two million colourful tulips which would an amazing sight to behold.
Rock Garden, Darjeeling, West Bengal
Darjeeling, the hilly-queen of West Bengal has another beautiful garden in its store attracting thousands of tourists every week. Rock Garden or the Barbotey Rock Garden is located at Chunnu Summer Falls. This stunning garden was actually built to re-establish the disrupted tourism industry of the town after the political agitation in the 1980’s. An unconventional tourist spot with abundance of beautiful flower plants and other Himalayan floras amid an amazing backdrop of hills and falls, the Rock Garden is a place for tranquility and for getting a little closer to the nature.
Gulab Bagh/ Sajjan Niwas Bagh, Udaipur, RajasthanGulab Bagh
which is also known as Sajjan Niwas Garden is the largest garden in Udaipur
and is the hub of uncountable varieties of roses. The garden was built by the Maharana Sajjan Singh in 1878. Maharana also appointed a renowned horticulturist to fill the garden with plants of medicinal values. Gulab Bagh contains almost all kinds of tropical trees including mangoes, bananas, lemon, grapes, jackfruit, wood apple, pomegranate, litchi etc. the beautiful garden is located very near to the iconic Pichola Lake.
Sim’s Park, Coonoor, Tamil Nadu
Sim’s Park in Coonoor, Tamil Nadu
is a unique and beautiful garden developed around all the natural contours of the nearby land with naturally occurring shrubs, trees and the water resources. The garden was established by Mr. J. D. Sims and Major Murray in 1874. The indigenous floras of the Nilgiri range occupy the most areas where some unusual plant-species were collected from around the globe and were planted at the garden. The temperature at this place is totally ideal for the endemic plants hence the beauty of the garden gets enhanced naturally.