Physiographic Features of India

There are different features which affect the lifestyle and culture followed in the particular place like the latitudinal and longitudinal position of that place, topography, climate, soil and vegetation. 


India comprises vast diversity in its topography, climate soils and vegetation. The country presents huge varieties of landforms from deep valleys to lofty mountains and dry deserts to water sheds.


 Southern Asia
 Total Area
 3.28 million sq km
% of world’s Area
 2.42 % of  total geographic area of world
 Seventh largest country in the world
 8° 4 ' N and 37° 6' North
 68° 7 ' and 97° 25 ' East
 3214 km from north south between extreme
 2933 km from east to west between extreme

 Land Frontier

 15, 200 km (90.44%)
 Coast Line
  7, 500 km (9.56 %)
 Neighboring countries
  Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal and Pakistan
 Bounding water bodies
  Arabian Sea   (West)
  Bay of Bengal (East)
  Indian Ocean  (South)

 Main Islands
 Lakshwadeep Islands in Arabian Sea
 Andaman & Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal

 Elevation extremes
      Highest point
      Lowest point   

 Kangchenjunga 8,586 m (28,169.3 ft)
 Kuttanad -2.2 m (-7.2 ft)

 Longest river
 Largest lake
 Chilka Lake
 Maritime claims
  Contiguous zone: 24 Nautical Mile (NM)
  Continental Shelf:    200 Nautical Mile (NM)

 Exclusive Economic Zone
 200 Nautical Miles (NM)
 Territorial Sea

 12 Nautical Miles (NM)
 Tropical monsoon in south
Temperate climate in the north

 Himalayas in north
  Deccan Plateau in south
  Deserts in west
  Flat to rolling plain along the Ganges

 The Tropic of Cancer 23° 30 ' N divides India almost into two halves. Indian peninsula tapers southward and divides Indian Ocean into two expanse of water - the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

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