Visual Arts : Hindu & Mughal Sculptures in India

Hindu is a rich tradition, illustrated by its sculptures, art and architecture. Indian sculpture had a new form by the renaissance of Hinduism during the reign of Gupta Empire. 

This period of Ancient Age emerged with the new form of sculpture portraying different Hindu Gods and Goddesses.
India Architecture

Sculpture & Architectural Style

Some of the most popular examples of Hindu sculptures in India-

Elephanta Caves
Elephanta Caves is an important example of Hindu style of sculpture of 7th century AD. Idols of Lord Shiva witness the masterpiece in stone in praise of Lord Shiva. The rock cut temples (Elephanta caves) is created by the rock removal, covering an area around 60000 square feet. ReadMore

Khajuraho Temple
Khajuraho temple in Madhya Pradesh is another fine example of Hindu sculpture. The sculpture represented at Khajuraho includes the statues of Gods and Goddesses, warriors, celestial dancers and animals, besides those in erotic poses. Read More

 Indian Architecture

Mughal Sculpture

The Medieval period of Indian history marked the origin of new form, Indo- Islamic sculptures, which were introduced by the rulers of Delhi Sultanate and later by Mughal Emperors. Indo- Islamic sculptures played an important role in the development of Indian art and heritage.

Hindu and Persian Style

Mughal Rulers came up with their own style of architecture and sculpture in India. The Mughal sculpture were similar to the sculpture of Delhi Sultanate with the only change that, these were more copious and magnificent.

The Mughal style of sculpture had few new additions to Indian architecture like ceramic title work; Pietra Sura inlay with colored and semi- precious stones carved and inlaid stonework. Foliage sculptures in between the arches are another exceptional feature.

The Mughal sculpture was the merger of both Hindu and Persian styles of sculptures called Indo- Islamic Architecture. 

While the features reflecting the Persian style of sculpture are extensive use of tile work, colorful marbles and the diwan as a central feature in mosques and domes, the peculiar features introduced by Mughals were Chhatris (elevates, dome-shaped pavilions) as a method of bridging a space, Chajjas (projecting caves) and Jarokhas( projecting balconies). 

The use of such scientific principle helped in obtaining stability to architects and builders.

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