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Prithiviraj Chauhan

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Prithiviraj Chauhan

Prithiviraj Chauhan was the king of the Hindu Chauhan dynasty. He ruled the kingdom of Ajmer and Delhi in the northern part of India. He conquered many neighboring kingdom thereby making the Chauhan kingdom the leading Hindu kingdom in the Northern India. He was one of the greatest warriors of India and the world.

Life of Prithiviraj Chauhan


Prithiviraj Chauhan

Prithiviraj Chauhan was born in 1166 at Ajaymeru. He was born to Someshwar Chauhan and Karpuri Devi. He belonged to the Rajput Chauhan clan. He was the last independent Hindu king to sit upon the throne of Delhi. He was married to Samyukta, the daughter of Jai Chandra Rathod. Their love story is a popular romantic tale in India. He was imprisoned by Muhammad Ghori and was blinded by him. He was tortured by Ghori. At an archery competition Prithiviraj struck Ghori dead with his arrow. He was killed shortly after the death of Ghori.

Prithiviraj Chauhan as an Emperor

Prithiviraj Chauhan was one of the greatest warriors of India and the world. He reconsolidated the control over the Chauhan kingdom. He conquered many neighboring kingdom thereby making the Chauhan kingdom the leading Hindu kingdom in the Northern India. He fought the battle against Bhimdev Solanki of Gujarat and defeated him. He won the battle against Mahoba. Prithiviraj Chauhan was the last independent Hindu king to sit upon the throne of Delhi. He succeeded to the throne in 1169 CE at the age of 20 years. He ruled from the twin capitals of Delhi and Ajmer. He ruled over Rajasthan, Haryana. He unified the Rajputs against the Muslim.

invasions. Prithiviraj Chauhan defeated Muslim ruler Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain in 1191. Ghori captured a fortress in Chauhan’s kingdom. For the defense of the frontier the army of Prithiviraj and Ghori met at Tarain. The Chauhan army fought with valor in the battle. On being defeated Ghori’s army fled the scene and Ghori became a captive at the hands of Chauhan. Later Chauhan released Ghori. Ghori now rearranged his forces to defeat Chauhan in the battle the next year.

In 1192 the second battle of Tarain was fought. Pritiviraj was, however, defeated and captured in the battle. As a prisoner Prithiviraj was presented before Ghori. As he looked straight into the eyes of Ghori the latter asked him to lower his eyes to which Pritihiviraj replied that the eyes of a Rajput are lowered only when he dies. Angry at the reply, Ghori ordered for blinding the eyes of Prithiviraj. The heinous act was executed and the eyes of Prithiviraj were burnt with red hot iron rod. His biographer Chand Bardai now asked Prithiviraj to take avenge of the insults meted at the court of Ghori. Ghori later announced a game of archery. Prithiviraj also participated in the game. At the competition Ghori ordered Prithiviraj to shoot. Prithiviraj on hearing the voice of Ghori shot at the direction from where Ghori’s voice came and struck Ghori dead with his arrow.
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